A person collapses in front of you ... Do you know how to react, take the first emergency action in case of cardiac arrest? And especially how to use an external cardiac defibrillator?
In France, each year around 50, 000 people die from cardiac arrest (1/3 of cardiac accidents occur on public roads). This cardiac arrest may follow a ventricular fibrillation of the heart (often associated with a myocardial infarction). Clearly: the rhythm of the heart is very badly disturbed, the contractions are no longer normal and are no longer effective.
In this case, it is necessary as soon as possible to contact the emergency services, to carry out the first acts of resuscitation. And use an external automated cardiac defibrillator that can help "restart" the heart. The pulse sent by the defibrillator aims to resynchronize the heart cells, and to end the heart rhythm abnormality.
Immediate use of a defibrillator significantly increases the chances of survival. The survival rate after cardiac arrest is estimated at only 2 or 4% in France.
Fortunately, today in our territory, many external automated defibrillators are installed both in public places and in private places. The goal is to save lives.
Read this: learn to recognize the symptoms of discomfort that require resuscitation, and use a cardiac defibrillator.
Author: Claire Lavarenne.
Expert consultant: Dr. Daniel Jost, doctor in charge of the clinical studies cell and referent for BSPP (Brigade of firefighters of Paris) for cardiac arrest.