Interview with Professor Jean-Jacques Mourad, Head of Arterial Hypertension Unit at Avicenne Hospital, Bobigny. These are the tips of this specialist doctor to prevent hypertension.
How to know if we consume too much salt ?
It's very difficult to know it spontaneously. But having a palate for the salty taste, systematically resale at the table or have remarks from his guests on the dishes we serve, is a good sign. The only objective way that physicians sometimes use to accurately quantify an individual's daily salt intake is to measure the amount of salt in their 24-hour urine.
Has the diet of the hypertensive changed in ten years?
Particular emphasis is placed on the beneficial effects of the Mediterranean diet associated with physical activity and the monitoring of its weight. When it is adopted, this diet has even more marked effects on blood pressure but also on bad cholesterol (LDL).
Can we reduce the risk of suffering from hypertension one day?
Yes ! The advantage of screening for pre-hypertension is to raise awareness of the risk of becoming a chronic hypertensive patient and to implement targeted prevention. For example, in people who are overweight, losing five pounds in six months, and maintained over four years, reduces the risk of becoming a permanent hypertensive patient by more than 60%. It is also among these people that information on salt intake and physical activity is most beneficial. We do not prescribe drugs but dietary advice. This is usually enough ... provided they are well followed.
The testimony of a hypertensive patient
Claude, 65, treated for hypertension for fifteen years. He brings his testimony ...
It was on the occasion of a visit to the doctor for an annual medical certificate that we realized the problem. My tension was 16/9. At the time, I followed a treatment for two months without changing my eating habits. And yet, I weighed nearly 100 kilos. But then, it was discovered that my heart was beating abnormally, which forced me to lose weight. 15 kilos.
At home, we changed the diet, removed the white bread, decreased the consumption of wine, fat, cold cuts, and sugars too. We switched to steam cooking, olive oil or light butter. My wife puts very little fat in the preparation of her dishes. Today, we eat differently and especially less. I feel better and I admit that I could not go back.