The first question the doctor can ask a person who has a bronchitis lying around will be: "Do you smoke? Indeed, tobacco is responsible for many bronchitis and chronic bronchitis; it causes chronic irritation of the bronchi, fragility of the mucous membranes and frequent microbial infections.
Passive smoking is also a major contributor to bronchitis.
Since the majority of acute bronchitis is viral in origin, treatments are primarily aimed at treating symptoms. The cough usually disappears spontaneously after ten days without complications.There is no cure for the viral infection itself. It will disappear after a few days.
Symptomatic treatments that can be considered will be:
- non-drug measures: abundant hydration, consumption of hot drinks, honey, air humidifier;
- concerning fever and pain caused by cough, if poorly tolerated: paracetamol is indicated as first line. The use of anti-inflammatory drugs (eg Ibuprofen) should be avoided, as this may actually make the infection worse.
- over-the-counter cough suppressants in pharmacy are not very effective, and may even have potentially serious side effects, and should be avoided.
If the bronchitis is of bacterial origin, if the viral infection is infected, your doctor may, if he deems it necessary, prescribe an antibiotic treatment for a few days. In most cases, this will not be necessary, and should be avoided as much as possible to avoid creating bacterial resistance to antibiotics, which would become ineffective for future potentially serious bacterial infections.
In chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), treatment consists of inhaled bronchodilator treatment, sometimes with antibiotic treatment for episodes of infection.
In advanced cases with severe respiratory failure, oxygen therapy may be considered. It will also be necessary for these patients to be vaccinated each year against influenza, and against pneumococcus.
Antibiotics: 5 things to (do not) do!
To protect one's health and the environment, one acts by consuming less antibiotics and consuming them better. Here are 5 tips to remember to use antibiotics!You want to react, to give your testimony or to ask a question? Appointment in our FORUMS Respiratory diseases or ENT or A doctor answers you!
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> Pain and fever: paracetamol, aspirin or ibuprofen?
> Antibiotics: 5 things to (do not) do
> Antibiotic resistance: can we avoid it?
> Tips against cough