Cardiomyopathy: When the heart muscle is tired

Cardiomyopathy is a disease that affects the heart muscle . The word "cardia" comes from the Greek and means heart. The word "myo" means muscle, and "pathos" means suffering.

Cardiomyopathy is a condition that reduces the muscular capacity of the heart to pump blood to the organs. It can be detected at birth or in childhood, in the case of familial forms, or manifest itself by symptoms. These are not specific: palpitations, chest pain, shortness of breath, fatigue in physical exercise, etc.

There are different types of cardiomyopathy, which differ in their cause and form of involvement: hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, dilated cardiomyopathy, restrictive cardiomyopathy and arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia (ARVD). Causes of occurrence may be genetic and / or environmental.

If cardiomyopathy is linked to a genetic disorder and inherited, it can start from any age.

The treatment combines dietary and lifestyle measures, drug therapy and, in some cases, surgery (a heart transplant may be indicated).

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Read also :

10 scientific facts to know about ... the heart
Heart rhythm disorders
Cardio-vascular diseases: what you need to know

Author: Ladane Azernour Bonnefoy.
Expert consultant: Dr. Adeline Dernis, cardiologist at Unit 60, Louis Pradel Cardiology Hospital, HCL (Lyon).

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