Diseases

Heatstroke

Heat stroke usually occurs in summer when you are in a hot, very hot space! From a medical point of view, heat stroke is part of what is called thermal damage.

Heat stroke (hyperthermia) is the result of a problem of regulation of body temperature following prolonged exposure to high temperatures. Heat stroke occurs especially when the body is highly exposed to heat: either outside (direct exposure to the sun), in a room or for example an overheated car.

Exposure to heat causes the body to overheat, which no longer manages to evacuate enough heat, and to cool off thanks to perspiration - and especially the evaporation of this perspiration. The consequences are a disturbance of the thermoregulation of the body and an increase of the body temperature (fever) up to more than 40 ° C.

Heat stroke can hit everyone, but children, the elderly and the sick are of course the most vulnerable.

If action is not taken immediately, heat stroke can result in death ... or sometimes even sequelae in extreme cases when the person has been saved in time.

If a person suffers a heat stroke, the people on the spot must immediately inform the emergency help (the 15 or the 18) at the first symptoms, then bring first aid. (see chapter "treatment")

Read also :
> Watch out for dehydration!
> Heat wave: 10 tips to know
> 10 tips for sleeping well despite the heat

Editors: Dorothee Gebele, Dr. Nicolas Evrard

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