M At The Doctor

Screening for Cancer: Cervical and Prostate Cancer

Following the interview of Agnès Buzyn, president of the National Cancer Institute (INCa), on the solutions to prevent and detect cervical cancer ...

And when is it cervical cancer, what is the prevention policy?
Agnès Buzyn: There is a smear screening done at a doctor's office. It is recommended to submit to it every three years. It is still an individual screening, except in thirteen pilot departments where an organized screening program has been set up on an experimental basis. The interest is to evaluate the benefits and risks of this program to eventually make a recommendation for screening at the national level. In these departments, it is only a matter of inviting women who have not smeared in the last three years.
Cervical cancer represents fortunately few cases in France, compared to breast cancer. The benefit of routine screening when the incidence is low and very few cases are expected to be detected is therefore not assured.

There is also a vaccine available to fight against cervical cancer ...
Agnès Buzyn: There is indeed a vaccine against papillomavirus (HPV) recommended to girls from the age of 14 years and before the start of sexual activity or, at most, in the year that follows. But this remains a recommendation, vaccination is not mandatory.

Cervical cancer is a cancer that can be eradicated to a great extent, starting with vaccinating young women. However, there is in France a great mistrust of vaccination campaigns ... while there are countries (Australia and Canada, for example) where not only vaccination is mandatory, but we will even vaccinate boys, because they can be carriers of the oncogenic virus.

What is INCa's position with regard to prostate cancer, unfortunately very common. What about the screening that has been debated lately?

Agnès Buzyn: The position of the INCa, like that of the other health agencies, is very clear: the systematic screening by blood assay of PSA does not present any proven benefits. PSA is not specific for prostate cancer and not necessarily sensitive: one can have a normal PSA dosage and a cancer. This is of course an important patient monitoring tool, when there is an individual risk. This examination therefore remains to be considered on a case-by-case basis with his doctor. Moreover, even the countries that had set up and used it for systematic screening in men over 50 years, slowly retrace their steps.

Popular Posts

Category M At The Doctor, Next Article

Glycated hemoglobin - HbA1c - M At The Doctor
M At The Doctor

Glycated hemoglobin - HbA1c

Glycated hemoglobin is also called glycosylated hemoglobin, or Hb1Ac. Behind these names and barbaric registration, lies the best way to monitor his blood sugar, his glycemic balance, over a period of several months. Three months, exactly. It is thanks to the glycated hemoglobin that one can - when one suffers from diabetes - evaluate the effectiveness of the treatments and to correct them, to adapt them as necessary
Read More
To detect a cancer: From which age to be tested? - M At The Doctor
M At The Doctor

To detect a cancer: From which age to be tested?

Interview with Agnès Buzyn, President of the National Cancer Institute (INCa) who specifies at what age to be screened ... What is a cancer "taken in time"? Agnès Buzyn: There is no single definition: it can change according to the cancers, but in general "taking cancer in time" means detecting it at a time that allows access to a treatment that can cure the cancer.
Read More
Gum graft: what results? - M At The Doctor
M At The Doctor

Gum graft: what results?

In the end, what are the results of a gum transplant? Does the operation succeed every time? It is estimated that the rate of failure of a gum graft is 20%. That said, do not despair. In case of failure, we can start again. Twice, usually. No more (because of the patient's crush!). In 80% of cases, the transplant is effective
Read More
MRI: Read the instructions before an MRI - M At The Doctor
M At The Doctor

MRI: Read the instructions before an MRI

Pregnant women should warn of their condition, even if pregnancy is not a contraindication. It is essential to deposit all metal objects (jewelry, glasses, prostheses, piercings ...) before entering the examination room because of the presence of the magnetic field. People who have made welding, even once in their lifetime, must have an X-ray of orbits in search of a metallic foreign body in their eyes
Read More