Depression requires effective and serious care. The most serious development is suicide, which today kills 15% of depressed peopleThere are two main forms of treatment: drugs and psychotherapy.
According to a national study, sales of antidepressants have increased seven-fold since the 1980s. However, they must not be systematic.
The interest of antidepressants lies above all in the forms of moderate to severe depression. They have good efficiency.
New generation drugs are better tolerated than older ones. They can - rarely - cause side effects (headaches, migraine, tinnitus, hypothyroidism ...).
The patient must be monitored from a medical point of view by taking his treatment, especially the first days and weeks. It takes fifteen to twenty days to see the beneficial effects of antidepressants. Treatment is usually prescribed for six months to a year.
Alone, or in addition to drug treatment, it is advisable to perform a psychotherapy that has liberating virtues.
Behavioral and cognitive therapy can be very constructive. It allows the individual to better understand his depression, to defuse the ruminations, and to find behavioral and cognitive tools to get by. When done by a specialist, this is the most effective and strong way to get out of depression.
Other newer psychotherapeutic treatments, such as Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT), have been shown to be effective in preventing depressive relapse.
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> Depression: how to avoid recidivism?
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