Diseases

Type 1 diabetes: symptoms

The symptoms of type 1 diabetes in its typical form are rapid onset and brutal:

  • Frequent and abundant urine (polyuria), the body trying to eliminate excess sugar in the urine
  • An abnormal thirst (polydipsia) to compensate for the loss of water in the urine
  • An intense general fatigue,
  • Weight loss and muscle wasting despite a healthy appetite
  • Greater susceptibility to infections
Only a measurement of the blood glucose level analyzed in the laboratory makes it possible to determine with certainty the diabetes (often frankly high):
  • > 1.26g / l under fasting conditions
  • > 2g / l at any time of the day

In half of the cases, the revelation is more explosive and is manifested by a ketoacidosis: in the absence of glucose to supply several organs (in particular the brain and the heart), the body is obliged to use the fats as fuel and produces toxic substances called "ketone bodies".
It is a harmful relief solution for the body that leads to acidification of the blood PH, manifested by abdominal pain, hypothermia, or even coma.

Diabetes: the essential thing to know

As a diabetic, how to manage your daily life? Food, sport, pregnancy, school, travel ... Find all our practical tips in our special Diabetes issue!

The diagnosis

The diagnosis may be clinical if hyperglycaemia is associated with the classic triad: leanness / weight loss + ketosis + age <35 years or through the detection of circulating autoantibodies in the blood in people with high blood sugar.

At least one of the following circulating autoantibodies is detectable in 97% of cases at diagnosis: anti-GAD antibodies (which are observed at any age and persist throughout the course of the evolution), anti-IA2 antibodies and / or anti-Zn-T8 antibody. This diagnostic tool distinguishes type 1 diabetes from other forms of diabetes, and adapts treatment accordingly.

Shortly after a diagnosis of type 1 diabetes, some people will experience what is known as the "honeymoon" phenomenon.

This transitional period is marked by a significant decrease in the need for insulin injection. It is explained by the secretion of a certain amount of insulin by some remaining pancreatic cells still healthy. It is possible in this case to initially balance the blood glucose levels with very low doses of insulin, or even to temporarily stop this treatment. It lasts an average of six to nine months, but can last up to two years. However, patients and their families should be warned that this is a temporary remission, not a cure.


You want to react, to give your testimony or to ask a question? Appointment in our FORUMS Diabetes or A doctor answers you!

To read :

> Diabetes: soon a tattoo to measure your blood sugar?
> Pollakiuria: this need to urinate often
> Diabetes and school: how does it work?
> Diabetes: a very innovative way to control your blood sugar

Popular Posts

Category Diseases, Next Article

Gale: Treatments - Diseases
Diseases

Gale: Treatments

Unfortunately, the cure of scabies can not be done spontaneously, and it will be necessary to intervene with treatments to get rid of parasites. In case of classic scabies, the treatment is done at home, on the contrary for cases of hyperkeratotic scab (profuse scabies), the patient is often hospitalized and isolated, to avoid any risk of epidemic
Read More
Chondrocalcinosis: sources and notes - Diseases
Diseases

Chondrocalcinosis: sources and notes

Author: Charles Brumauld. Expert Consultant: Professor Olivier Meyer, Head of the Rheumatology Department at Bichat Hospital (Paris). Sources: - The articular chondrocalcinosis, The letter of the Observatory of the Movement, N. 45, p.9, 2012 - Pierre-André Guerne, Chondrocalcinosis and calcium pyrophosphate crystal deposition arthropathies, Rev Med Switzerland 2010; 6: 555-561, 2010.
Read More
Asthma: therapeutic education - Diseases
Diseases

Asthma: therapeutic education

The asthmatic patient must learn how to manage his illness and his asthma attacks: he will seek advice from his doctor, during a possible hospitalization or in specialized care centers. He will learn to know the warning signs of the crisis (that is to say the warning signs): the runny nose, the crying eyes, the scratching throat
Read More
Burn-out: the treatments - Diseases
Diseases

Burn-out: the treatments

The first of the burnout treatments at work is ... the reduction of work pressure. Who can go through the delegation of tasks, scheduling or even work stoppage. This can be prescribed by the attending physician or by a psychiatrist. Finally, in advanced burnout cases, one of the preferred treatments is psychotherapy
Read More