Urinary incontinence is defined as an accidental or involuntary loss of urine. There are 3 main types of incontinence, which have different causes.
Some of the causes or contributing factors are:
- an anatomical predisposition: the urethra (from the exit of the bladder to the vulva) is a very short conduit in women;
- some sports activities such as tennis or running intensively.
Here are the 3 types of incontinence:
Urinary stress incontinence
Stress urinary incontinence is characterized by an involuntary leakage of urine, through the urethra (channel through which urine is evacuated), occurring during physical exertion but also coughing or sneezing.
It is a jet leak, scant, sudden occurrence at the time of an effort, usually in a standing position and without feeling of need beforehand.
Urinary incontinence by urinary urgency
Urinary incontinence caused by urinary urgency is an involuntary leakage of urine, accompanied or immediately preceded by an urgent and irrepressible need to urinate, resulting in urination that can not be delayed and retained (we will also talk about urge incontinence or incontinence by bladder hyperactivity).
Mixed urinary incontinence
Mixed urinary incontinence combines the two types of incontinence defined above.
Urinary incontinence: what to do?
The first step in your care is to consult your doctor, GP or specialist (urologist or gynecologist).
After having asked you about the symptoms and origins associated with your leaks (frequency, time, history, hormonal status ...), the doctor will perform a clinical examination to better determine your type of incontinence and identify the origin of the symptoms. urinary leakage.
At the end of this consultation, you will have a Cytobacteriological Examination of Urines (ECBU) to eliminate any urinary infection that may explain the urinary disorders.
As a general rule, the doctor will then ask you to perform an urodynamic assessment, always with the aim of better understanding your urinary disorders and to propose the treatment best adapted to your pathology.You want to react, to give your testimony or to ask a question? See you in our FORUMS !
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