Diseases

Ovarian cyst: the causes

The causes of ovarian cysts can be various, it actually depends on their type ...

1 - Functional cysts

The causes of functional cysts of the ovary are poorly known. It is simply known that these cysts result from ovarian hormone activity, and therefore concern the premenopausal woman.

However, some functional cysts can be discovered in menopausal women, whose reassuring aspect should not make us forget that it could be a possible cancer that remains the first diagnosis that the doctor must think ... to not to miss!

Functional cysts are the most common ovarian cysts: they occur in 20% of women during periods of genital activity and in 15% of menopausal women. They are mild, and 90% of them disappear spontaneously in 2-3 months premenopausal.

Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome may also be responsible for the appearance of several cysts on the ovary. This can occur in the context of treatments performed during medically assisted procreation (ART).

The ovarian functional cyst should not be confused with polycystic ovary syndrome, which in reality has nothing to do with a cyst. And that occurs preferentially in overweight women.

2 - Organic cysts

There are several types of organic cysts and their cause is only rarely known.

Dermoid cysts

Dermoid cysts develop from embryonic cells. They correspond to 20% of ovarian organic tumors, and they are found in 80% of cases in women of childbearing age.

Endometriotic cysts

Endometriotic cysts develop from endometrial cells (lining of the uterus) abnormally present in the ovary. It is an inflammatory reaction that would be the cause of the formation of the cyst.

Cystadenomas

As for cysts called cystadenomas, we do not know the cause, except that they occur preferentially in women aged 13 to 45 years.

Want to share, share your experience or need advice? See you in our FORUMS Gynecology or A doctor answers you !

Read also :

Bad before the rules
Stomach ache: possible causes ...
PMA: What you need to know about medically assisted procreation
Ovarian stimulation: how is it going?

Popular Posts

Category Diseases, Next Article

The drop - Diseases
Diseases

The drop

We often have a misconception of this disease that is gout : often we think it is an old disease, which affects the good living, people with a lifestyle disorder. Gout is a metabolic disease. At the origin of gout, there is a chronic hyperuricemia, that is to say an abnormal increase in the concentration of uric acid in the blood
Read More
Somnambulism: sources and notes - Diseases
Diseases

Somnambulism: sources and notes

Author: Lucie MONTEGUT, psychologist Sources: BILLIARD M., DAUVILLIERS Y .: Sleep disorders. Paris, Masson, 2005. Lavie, Peretz, Atul Malhotra and Giora Pillar, Sleep Disorders. Diagnosis, Management and Treatment. A Handbook for Clinicians, London, Martin Dunitz, 2002, p.146-147. American Psychiatric Association
Read More
Brain tumor: the exams - Diseases
Diseases

Brain tumor: the exams

The first test to be done is the complete neurological clinical examination with a general practitioner or neurologist. The evaluation, in consultation, of all the neurological functions will make it possible to detect minimal symptoms not remarkable, and to direct the patient towards the necessary examinations
Read More
Dislocation of the patella - Diseases
Diseases

Dislocation of the patella

The dislocation of the patella is a fairly frequent accident. It occurs most often in adolescents or young people. But unfortunately also sometimes later ... The patella (also called patula) is that little bone that is part of the knee joint. It is a round, puck-shaped bone located in front of the knee
Read More