At birth, a child is about 50 cm tall and will grow a lot in the first and second year. Later, at the time of adolescence, growth will accelerate sharply for a few months.
It is important to keep track of a child's height and weight gain, thanks to the health chart's growth charts.
At each medical consultation, it is important that the child is weighed and measured. This does not exclude doing these measurements also at home from time to time.
More than a single datum at a definite age, it is the regularity of growth and therefore of the growth curve that must be guarded. A break in the weight or height curve, a size much smaller or much higher than the average should lead to consultation, because growth disorders can be a sign of an underlying disease.
In case of abnormalities of growth, additional examinations will be carried out. Among these: a radiograph of the hand and wrist will determine the bone age (which corresponds to the phsysiological age) and detect a possible stunting.
Depending on the age of the child, X-rays of different parts of the skeleton are made to determine bone age. For example, during adolescence, a radiograph of the pelvis is performed.
Among other possible explorations: a dosage of growth hormone.
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