According to Sigmund Freud, a neurosis is a disease of the personality. This would be caused by unconscious conflicts between the three dimensions of the personality, namely the id, the ego and the superego. Decryption ...

Neurosis is a psychoanalytic term. It is no longer used in international classifications of mental illnesses, but remains widely used in everyday language.

According to Sigmund Freud, there are 3 dimensions of personality:

  • The "that" which represents the drive forces, in other words the unconscious.
  • The "superego" which represents the interiorization of the forbidden.
  • The "me" which is the synthetic function of the personality, and which represents the conscious part of the personality.

The term neurosis was created by W. Cullen around 1770 to characterize pathological behavior without demonstrated organic origin. Today, if the term neurosis is no longer integrated into the classification manuals of mental illnesses, it continues to be used by psychiatrists and psychologists, especially the psychoanalyst.

The term neurosis means today: a lasting disorder of physical or psychical expression, without organic lesional cause, recognized by the subject as pathological and not severely affecting the sense of self and reality.

These last two points, namely the contact preserved with reality and the consciousness by the subject of the pathological character of the disorder - are those which differentiate the neurosis from the psychosis.

Neuroses are personality diseases whose origin is multifactorial, both psychological, environmental, and biological. The treatment of neuroses is based primarily on psychotherapy.

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Read also :

> Hypochondria: the fear of being sick
> Cyclothemia: when the mood comes and goes
> Anxiety crisis: I learn to manage!
> Learn more about Sigmund Freud

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