No one is immune to a slight burn . This is a very common accident. Sometimes they can be serious when they are extended or deep. Burns, regardless of severity, account for just over 10% of the most common injuries in household accidents .
There is a scale to evaluate the importance of a burn called gravity. In the case of a small burn, one will locate its gravity at the level of the first degree, that is to say, that it is limited to the appearance of a red zone, painful with a slight swelling of the skin . Generally, it is considered to be a small burn when the affected surface is less than that of a 2-euro coin.
Thus, a sunburn (a solar erythema) when it touches a large area of the skin, should not be minimized and will require special care of repair and protection of the skin.
The skin burned in the first degree is very sensitive because only the epidermis, very rich in nerve endings, is affected. In case of small, slight burns, the nerve signals of pain are therefore sent to the brain.
In itself, small burns do not represent a particular danger. So you can take care of it and treat it yourself.
However, there are a lot of false good ideas about the protocol to follow in order to relieve the burned area:
- First, do not apply ice cubes that could aggravate the burn rather than relieve it.
- Second, do not use an alcohol - based disinfectant. Too aggressive for an area made so sensitive.
A consultation with the doctor is not necessary in the case of a small burn. However, if it is too painful, or if it begins to blister, it is that the burn is more serious, and it is advisable to consult.
Authors: Camille Ozuru and Dr. Nicolas Evrard.