Plantar warts ( verrucae plantares ) are cutaneous lesions, with a round and flat appearance, which appear mainly to the soles of the feet.
They are safe, but can be very embarrassing, even painful, because they are often formed at the points of support (heel or tip of the feet). Under the influence of the weight of the body, warts grow deep, which can cause severe pain, especially when walking.
Nobody is immune to plantar warts, but children and adolescents . as well as people whose immune systems are weakened are particularly affected.
Plantar warts result from infection with certain types of human papillomavirus (HPV) . These viruses are transmitted by contact can be introduced into the skin of the soles of the feet by small cracks or wounds. The wart does not necessarily appear immediately, sometimes it is visible only after a few weeks, even a few months.
There are two types of plantar warts: myrmecia that occurs in isolation and grows in depth, and the "mosaic" wart that appears as colonies (multiple small warts). Smaller than individual plantar warts (they are the size of a pinhead) and grow on the surface, mosaic warts are usually not painful.
Plantar warts do not necessarily require treatment, often they disappear spontaneously - on average after 2 years. This healing is observed especially in children. However, treatment is advised when warts are painful or cluster.
If you notice skin lesions and you are sure that it is plantar warts, you can first try to treat the warts yourself before consulting a doctor: at the pharmacy you find different treatments without a prescription . They can be based on a cold treatment or gradually dissolve the callus that has formed above the wart.
If self - medication does not help, it is advisable to consult a doctor. He has other ways to remove plantar warts, for example cryotherapy that uses liquid nitrogen or laser treatment. The doctor may also resort to surgery.Attention ! Self-medication is not recommended for diabetic patients as well as people with weakened immune systems, damaged nerves in the feet, or impaired circulation. In these cases, the treatment of plantar warts must be done by a doctor.
Authors: Dorothee Gebele, Dr. Nicolas Evrard.