After the horrible events of Friday, November 13, the shock is violent, the wounds are deep.
And we are not just talking about the physical injuries suffered by the victims, but also the psychological consequences: events of such violence can cause real trauma (or post-traumatic stress) in the victims directly affected by the injuries. attacks or by their relatives. This same type of stress can also occur in people who have lived closely the assault undertaken by the Raid a few days later against the terrorists in Saint-Denis.
Post-traumatic stress disorder is a psychological disorder that can occur after a traumatic event: an accident, a serious injury, an assault ...
The American Psychiatric Association defines post-traumatic stress disorder as "a morbid condition that occurs during an exceptionally violent event that may cause distress to anyone, for example, being threatened for life or for life. loved ones, being assaulted, being the victim of an accident or a disaster ". There is often a time between the stressful event and the occurrence of PTSD: the "latency phase".
There are three main post traumatic stress syndromes.
> The repetition syndrome also says of reviviscence : its presence signifies the state of post traumatic stress. The event is constantly revived: the day, the patient has flashbacks or can not talk about anything else. At night, he relives traumatic scenes through nightmares.
> Avoidance syndrome : the subject makes significant efforts to avoid any thoughts, conversations or situations associated with the trauma. This avoidance syndrome is associated with fatigue, a net reduction of interests for usual activities, a withdrawal into one's self and, ultimately, alterations in the socio-professional or family functioning.
> Anxiety hypervigilance syndrome : the person remains on permanent alert. There is no longer any distinction between dangerous noises and neutral noises, which leads to exaggerated bursts. The subject has the impression that a new serious event can happen at any moment. There are often problems with concentration and sleep.
> The survivor's guilt syndrome appears especially during major collective disasters and could be expressed as "I betrayed my group or relatives by not dying with them".