After the patella has been put back in place, edema is formed and the knee is painful for a few days. Just after the accident, once the patella is put back in place, it is advisable to put a cold pocket on the knee to reduce edema and pain. The person has difficulty walking normally. The patient takes treatments prescribed by the doctor: an analgesic, possibly an anti-inflammatory ... It is also advisable to wear a knee brace to stabilize the joint, once edema resorbed.
Dislocation of the patella may reoffend. We then speak of patellar instability. To avoid it, it is advisable to rehabilitate a physiotherapist or simply to strengthen his quadriceps (large muscle on the front of the thigh) whose tendon surrounds the patella. You can also practice a sport that muscle the quadriceps (swimming with beatings, bike).
In case of frequent recurrence, a surgical intervention may be considered which will prevent the patella from luxating again. Depending on the assessment of medical imaging (X-rays, CT), different types of interventions can be performed. It is an orthopedic surgeon who intervenes. The surgeon often intervenes on the front of the tibia (anterior tubercle of the tibia), where the tendon of the quadriceps is inserted. The surgeon can also reconstruct a small ligament on the inner side of the patella (medial patellofemoral ligament).
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