The causes of hemophilia are genetic. In most cases, there are other people with the disease in the family. Hemophilia is caused by a diseased gene on sex chromosome X. Since the sex chromosomes of humans are X and Y, it suffices that the only X chromosome is reached for it to be haemophiliac. He will then systematically transmit his X chromosome with the diseased gene to his daughters, who will only be conductive
In case of discovery of a hemophilia, a family survey is obviously carried out. This is to detect hemophiliacs who do not know each other, and to search for conductive women (of the disease). It is possible to make an antenatal diagnosis in a pregnant woman belonging to a family of hemophiliacs or whose father is haemophiliac
- Hemophilia, published in April 2013, www.inserm.fr - J.-F. Schved, Treatments for Hemophilia, Hematology.
Anti-hemophilia treatment is based on the infusion of antihemophilic products, which correspond to the missing coagulation factors. This treatment makes it possible to increase their blood level when it is necessary, that is to say, when a hemorrhage appears. And so allow to coagulate the blood of the patient
Author: Dr Iléana de Lameth, Hospital Practitioner in Endocrinology, Diabetology, Nutrition Sources: 1. High Authority of Health (HAS). Hypothyroidism in adults: Diagnosis and care April 2007. www.has-sante.fr/portail/upload/docs/application/pdf/hypothyroidies_frustes_recommandations_vf.pdf 2. Biological diagnosis and monitoring of adult hyperthyroidism February 2000 //www.
Hashimoto's thyroiditis is caused by an autoimmune reaction (rupture of immune tolerance) occurring on a predisposing genetic background and probably favored by environmental factors (stress, a viral infection.) Still poorly known. How is a genetic disease transmitted? There are more than 6, 000 listed genetic diseases
When there is hypothyroidism, Hashimoto's thyroiditis justifies a lifetime treatment by a substitution of the missing hormones with synthetic thyroid hormones (Thyroxine-Levothyrox®). Dose If the patient has mild insufficiency, 50 to 75 μg per day are sufficient. The average dose administered in the event of a greater dysfunction is 1.6
Symptoms Hashimoto's thyroiditis usually progresses to hypothyroidism (malfunction) by progressive destruction of the thyroid cells, but may in some cases (10%) be preceded by transient hyperthyroidism or maintain a sufficient thyroid hormone reserve for hypothyroidism is avoided. The main symptoms of hypothyroidism are: abnormal physical and psychic fatigue in the efforts of everyday life, drowsiness, recent nervousness, acquired constipation (to be differentiated from old disorders), unexplained moderate weight gain (sometimes contrasting with loss of appetite), damage to skin appendages
As its name suggests, pervasive developmental disorder (PDD) is a condition that can appear relatively early in the child's development . This type of disorder can take various forms, and concerns a broad spectrum ranging from the notion of atypies and disharmonies, to a delay in development and acquisitions
A recent study estimates that two out of 1000 people have autistic disorders, about 100, 000 people in France. Autism affects an average of four boys for a girl. Beyond the shock, to learn that your child is autistic, is to face the unknown and the need to organize a family life often complicated. The first difficulty in detecting the symptoms of autism in children is that they vary from case to case
The causes responsible for burns are many ... accidents can have different origins. Around 7, 000 people are seriously burned each year in France. The causes can of course be direct contact with flames, but also with objects or liquids brought to high temperature, or electrocution ... Among the other causes: the absorption or inhalation of caustic substances with the burn digestive or pulmonary mucous membranes
The symptoms of burns change depending on the importance (depth and extent) of this burn. The depth of the burn is evaluated in 1st, 2nd or 3rd degree. - 1st degree: it is the classic sunburn with the appearance of localized redness and pain. It is not serious and does not require special care apart from a soothing cream proposed by the pharmacist or the doctor
On a daily basis, we are exposed to many risks of burns. The causes and origins can therefore be very numerous. However, domestic accidents are the main causes of burns, mainly in kitchens, but also in bathrooms, with hot water. Direct contact with flames, hot objects, high temperature liquids or electrocution may be responsible for minor burns
The symptoms of a small burn are very well known. For starters, a burn is manifested by local redness. In medicine, we speak of an erythema. Of course, to speak of a slight burn, its surface must not be large, less than the palm of a hand. It is also called light burning, and therefore not serious, when it is located in a place that is not at risk
The treatment of small burns is relatively simple and always the same ... 1 - Relieve Firstly, you need to run rather cold, but not iced, water on the burn for a few minutes (about 10 to 15 minutes). This will decrease the pain as well as cool the lesion. 2 - Disinfect To disinfect a small burn, do not use alcohol or alcohol products
> INPES, site 2014. > RJ Perry, Moore CA, Morgan BD. Plummer DL: Determining the relative area of a burn: an inconsistency investigated and re-evaluated. BMJ 1996.
Dyscalculia is a specific developmental disorder that involves calculus and logico-mathematical reasoning. She is getting closer to dyslexia, which is manifested by difficulty learning to read. Less known than dyslexia, dyscalculia is a disorder also widespread. It is defined by a bad perception of numbers, and a difficulty to perform elementary calculations, like this subtraction: 7 - 3
The dyspraxia is a psychomotor development disorder characterized by a difficulty of initiation, planning and finalization of a complex gesture. It causes a handicap in the daily life and in the apprenticeships. Dyspraxia is a neurodevelopmental disorder listed in the Diagnostic Manual of Mental Illness (DSM-V) as a coordination acquisition disorder
Adult ADHD is manifested by 5 categories of symptoms: attention deficit, impulsivity, hyperactivity, executive function disorders, and emotional management difficulties. Here is the description of these different symptoms: The deficit of attentional control It is not a question of a lack of attention, but rather of a difficulty to control his attention in a fluid way and adapted to the environment
Bony tuberculosis, sometimes also called Pott's disease, is an infection caused by a bacterium, the Koch's bacillus, which reaches the lungs and can spread to other organs and tissues of the body, including bones . About 85% of the forms of tuberculosis are pulmonary, bone tuberculosis is one of the forms of so-called extra-pulmonary tuberculosis