Salpingitis is the infection of a trunk of the uterus, or both. In the vast majority of cases, it is caused by a urogenital infection, most often contracted during unprotected sex, which "goes back" to the uterus, then to one or both of the tubes.
The most common causative organisms are gonococci (responsible for gonorrhea), chlamydia, or mycoplams. It is not uncommon to discover different types of germs. These germs proliferate locally, which causes local inflammation.
Another possible cause of a salpingitis: it can occur following miscarriage, childbirth, an abortion, the installation of an IUD ... In principle, the cavity of the uterus and the inside of the tubes do not contain no germ, but on the occasion of these events, germs can be introduced locally. Sometimes salpingitis is associated with infection of the lining of the uterus: endometritis. It even happens that the peritoneum is affected (causing peritonitis).
The inside of the horns is very fine. And localized infection tends to cause changes in the lining of the uterine cavity, with unfortunately the occurrence of adhesions. Result: the inside of the duct of the uterine tube may become clogged. Which is particularly troublesome in case of a pregnancy project!