Diseases

Schizophrenia: treatments

The treatment of schizophrenia is multidisciplinary.

Drug treatment:

The drug treatment of schizophrenia relies on neuroleptics mainly, which act at the brain level on neurotransmitters involved in schizophrenia (dopamine, serotonin). It must be taken regularly, without accidental stop, at the risk of causing decompensation of the disease. If the doctor is not sure that the patient is taking his medication regularly, the treatment can be given as a delayed injection, prescribed every 2 to 4 weeks.

Therapeutic education:

Health care teams teach patients how to manage their illness and their treatments.

Psychotherapy:

Psychotherapy can be institutional (in a day hospital for example), cognitive-behavioral, supportive, etc.

Social and professional care:

Great importance is given to measures to help socioprofessional integration.

The evolution of schizophrenia is variable, depending on the type of schizophrenia, family support, social integration, etc. Everything can be seen from a socioprofessional insertion and quality family until a total absence of independence. In the most serious forms, life support in a psychiatric institution may be necessary.

According to the figures reported by the scientific studies: 25% of the patients would evolve towards a cure, 25% towards a serious form of the disease and 50% would have an intermediate form with a variable impact on the socio-professional and family domains.

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Read also :

> Which psychotherapy to choose?
> Getting out of a depression
> Bipolar disorder
> Overcoming your phobias and anxiety disorders

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