The main symptoms of toxemia of pregnancy are:
- an inflated face
- nausea or
- vision problems,
- Feelings of vertigo ...
These symptoms should alert the pregnant woman who will quickly take the advice of her doctor, her gynecological or a midwife.
When these symptoms occur, additional tests can be performed: they begin by taking blood pressure to check if it is normal. If it is greater than 14/9, a urine test is performed.
This urinalysis concerns the level of protein (proteinuria) present in the urine. The diagnosis of toxemia of pregnancy is confirmed in cases of high proteinuria. From that moment, the pregnancy is much more supervised.
But at other times, toxemia of pregnancy can be diagnosed during a pregnancy monitoring consultation. The doctor or midwife will detect high blood pressure (greater than 14/9) or the presence of protein in the urine, tested during a test with a strip, without the woman complaining of any trouble.
If the toxemia of pregnancy is not or poorly treated, it can lead to renal failure (renal failure) and eventually cause eclampsia (eclamptic convulsion).
In some cases, another complication, called Hellp syndrome, may occur. This pathology corresponds to the association of several problems including the decline of platelets with the destruction of red blood cells. The risk of placental abruption is increased.
If the toxemia of pregnancy is poorly or untreated, the risk of preterm birth increases.
On video: Are there diseases specific to pregnant women?
Are there specific diseases during pregnancy? Video interview with Professor Bernard Hédon, gynecologist-obstetrician at the University Hospital of Montpellier and President of the National College of Gynecologists Obstetricians French.Want to react, share your experience or ask a question? Go to our FORUMS Pregnancy or A doctor answers you.
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